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Z. A Bhutto’s Bout for Civil Supremacy in Pakistan: An Analysis
Civil-military relations in Pakistan have been remained, predominantly, smooth and straight in the history of Pakistan with it is, explicitly, more tilt towards military establishment. Period of Z.A Bhutto has been marked as a unique period in the history of civil-military relations in Pakistan due to efforts for radical changes in these relations as a result of constitutional reforms and politico-administrative measures. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto adopted the policy of curtailment of power of military through constitutional-cum-administrative measures on the one hand, and the strategy to restore the lost morale of the army by increasing its budget and through enhancement of salaries of the military personnel on the other hand. This paper locates the independence, autonomy and strength of the democratic parliament and democratic regime of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto as well as the power and area of influence of the army in the political affairs of Pakistan.
Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Political Science & International Relations, University of Gujrat, Pakistan
Dr. Ramzan Shahid
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science & International Relations, University of Gujrat, Pakistan
Dr. Shumaila Rafique
Lecturer, Department of Political Science & International Relations, University of Gujrat, Pakistan