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Iranian Nuclear Program: Impacts on Saudi-Iran Relations
This research aims to analyze the regional and international factors which have affected the policies and stance adopted by two important Iranian regimes towards Iranian nuclear program by using a comparative method discussed under the neo-realist approach. States claiming sovereignty develop offensive military capabilities to defend themselves and extend the power. It is generally assumed as a fact that Iranian nuclear program is a matter of unprecedented threat for Saudi Arabian territory and its allies in the region as well. As it is perceived that existence of nuclear threat is sufficient to embolden Tehran’s belligerence in the proxy wars against Riyadh as both is engaged aggressively, wrestling across the region for hegemony and leverage. The ceaseless quest for regional hegemony fluctuated over the entire Middle East for last many decades. Especially, the post-2003 era is characterized by the Shi’ite–Sunni sectarian tensions, which have greatly shaped the Saudi response to the Iranian nuclear program.
Ph. D Scholar, Department of Political Science and IR, GC University Faisalabad, Pakistan
Dr. Muhammad Muzaffar
Department of Political Science, GC Women University Sialkot, Pakistan
Dr. Nazim Rahim
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Qurtuba University of Science & Information Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
Nuclear Program, Neo-Realist Approach, Proxy War, Sectarian Violence