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General Muhammad Zia Ul Haq and Non Party Politics in Pakistan: An Analysis
AbstractThis study explains the link between eleven years of rule of General Zia Ul Haq and non-party politics in Pakistan. He after assuming the power bans political activities in the country on 5 July 1977 although political parties were not banned. All political leaders were detained and house arrested. He assured the nation that he had not abrogated the constitution but suspended some portions of the constitution of Pakistan. He argued that he had to step in the political field when political leadership failed to solve the crisis. He also emphasized on his nonpolitical agenda and he stressed on his intentions for polls in 90 days according to the constitution (Newberg, 1995). In the constitution of Pakistan political parties’ act of 1962 was adopted in which elections in the country had to hold on party basis. He assured the nation free and fair elections on party basis in October 1977. With the passage of time he understood one thing clearly that the return of PPP in power means his removal from power and after it his trail under article 6 of the constitution. To stop PPP in power Gen. Zia adopted non-party politics as tool and survive for eleven years in power. This study explains the nature, need and impact of non-party politics on the politics of Pakistan.
- Imran Khan
- Lecturer, Government Graduate College Hafizabad, Punjab, Pakistan
- Karim Haider Syed
- Lecturer, Pakistan Study Center, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan