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Federalism and Provincial Autonomy in Pakistan: A Case of Balochistan
This paper aims to anatomies the issue of provincial autonomy under federal democracy in Pakistan. Though federal system is considered mandatory to accommodate diversities in heterogeneous states but it remained less effective to aggregate the fundamental demands of ethnic identities to ensure their due status in Pakistan. Absence of power-sharing acculturation gradually led to the sense of deprivation among the smaller federating units and drove them towards the articulation of autonomy, particularly Balochistan. Long-awaited provincial autonomy was affirmed under the 18thAmendment in 1973 constitution of by abolishing the concurrent list in 2010 but practically authoritarian trends in politics obstructed the process of decentralization. This is an analytical and descriptive type qualitative research mainly relies on literature review and semi-structured interviews to highlight the case-study. It finds out that the cooperative federalist approach can bring a positive change in the province to seek economic and identity interests of the people. It suggests to provide more fiscal autonomy to ensure regional economic development and assure isometry of all federating units to satisfy the smaller ethnic groups
Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Dr. Aisha Shahzad
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan