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A Study of Settlement of Refugees in the Thal Desert (1947-1969)
The refugee problem was a big challenge for the newly established state of Pakistan after 1947. Millions of refugees, who migrated from India, were looking forward to the Government of Pakistan for the provision of food, medicine, accommodation, employment and whatever they needed. It was an uphill task for the newly established state surrounded by numerous hardships. The main focus of this paper is to look into the whole process of settlement of more than thirty-one thousands of families of refugees in the desert of Thal, which lies in the west of Punjab Pakistan during 1947 to 1969. The historical research approach has been applied to study the settlement of refugees in the Thal desert. It was not an easy task for the government to develop the desert of Thal so that the refugees could be settled. Thal Development Authority during twenty years of its functioning not only settled more than thirty-one thousand families of refugees in the Thal desert but also provided them with all basic facilities of life such as education, health, roads, employment etc
Muhammad Wasim Abbas
PhD Scholar, Pakistan Studies Department, Islamia University Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan