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The Role of Forensic Chemistry in Criminal Justice System: Case Study of Apex Courts’ Decisions
Present article is written to analyze the role of forensic chemistry in the criminal justice system and need for legislation regarding regularization of chemical testing laboratories. This study also identifies the real condition of chemical forensic laboratories in Sindh. For research detailed case study of decisions of apex court and opinion of senior legal practitioners is obtained. Forensic chemistry is used to trace the presence of any chemical at the place of incident/crime scene. Techniques of forensic chemistry use to investigate recovered matters to determine the liability of criminal and civil nature. It also used in several criminal cases to determine liability of accused for example narcotics, toxicology cases, adulteration in food items and drug abuse etc. Chemical Examiner and Serologist Reports are admissible in evidence in to and also its opinion could be part of court file without examining them during trail (PLD 1972 Lah 109(DB). In this research quoted its different types and which techniques are used in Pakistan and which are lacking.
Shabana Kouser Jatoi
Ph. D Scholar, Faculty of Law, Dada Bhoye Institute of Higher Education Karachi, Sindh Pakistan
Dr. Raana khan
Director, Faculty of Law, Dada Bhoye Institute of Higher Education Karachi, Sindh Pakistan
Adulteration of Food, Chemical Examiner, Forensic, Drugs, Forensic Chemistry, Narcotics, Poison