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Head Teachers’ Ethical Leadership Behaviours and Teachers’ Motivation: A Correlational Study at Elementary Level
Leadership is considered as one of the major factors and sometimes the only factor to determine the success or failure of an educational organization. Ethics is central to leadership because leaders consistently influence their followers’ lives as well as their work place motivation either positively or negatively. In this context, the present study examined elementary school teachers’ perceptions to determine the degree of association between head teachers’ ethical leadership behavior and teachers’ motivation. To achieve the objective, this study used explanatory correlational design and collected views of 587 randomly selected teachers working in public elementary schools of district Multan. Ethical Leadership Questionnaire (ELQ) developed by Yukl, Mahsud, Hassan and Prussia (2013) and 23 items from teacher motivation scale developed by Gokce (2010) were adapted to collect the requisite data. Data were analyzed by calculating percentage of responses, mean score, SD, Pearson's r and Standard Multiple Regression. Results suggest that teachers’ perceived correlation between head teachers’ ethical leadership behaviors and their level of motivation was although positive but very low positive and insignificant. This research finally recommends increasing the standards of head teachers’ ethical leadership to positively influence teachers’ motivation.
Dr. Hakim Ali
Associate Professor, Department of Education, Government Wilayat Hussain Islamia Graduate College, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
Lecturer, Department of Education, Government Wilayat Hussain Islamia Graduate College, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
Dr. Bashir Hussain
Associate Professor, Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan