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Factors Effecting the Development of Social Emotional Competence of Muslim and Non-Muslim Students at the Secondary Level in Pakistan
This paper investigates the factors affecting the development of social-emotional competence of Muslim and Non-Muslim students at the secondary level in Pakistan. The study was a mixed-method in which the researcher used a QUAN-QUAL sequential explanatory model. All the Muslim and Non-Muslim secondary students, teachers, and head-teachers located in Punjab Province of Pakistan were the populations. A sample of 1124 respondents (800 Students, 300 Teachers, and 24 Head Teachers) was selected through the multistage sampling method. An adapted questionnaire for students, and a developed questionnaire for teachers, and an interview schedule for teachers and head-teachers were used for the collection of data. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used on quantitative data and thematic analysis technique was used on qualitative data. Results revealed that Muslim and non-Muslim secondary school students had a moderate level of social-emotional competence and Non-Muslim secondary school teachers had a very high level of agreement towards all factors of social-emotional competence while Muslim secondary school teachers had a high level of agreement towards all factors of social-emotional competence. This study recommends that social learning framework should be incorporated into the current curriculum to increase students’ SEC.
Muhammad Atif Zahid
Ph. D Scholar, Department of Education, Government College, University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
Dr. Shafqat Hussain
Chairman, Department of Education, Government College, University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
Dr. Qaisar Abbas
Assistant Professor, Department of Teacher Education, The Shaikh Ayaz University Skhikarpur, Sindh, Pakistan