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Effects of External Sources of Stress on School Head Teachers and their Management Practices
This study is an attempt to find out the coping strategies of stress for female school head teachers. This study was carried out to examine the effects of external sources of stress on school head teachers and their management practices in district Faisalabad. There were 236 public sector secondary schools in District Faisalabad.30 schools were randomly selected as sampled institutions. There were 120 respondents for the study from different selected schools. These respondents included 30 head teachers, 90 teachers from 30schools.Questionnaire was used as research tool to collect data. Research tool was validated by the expert opinion and reliability of the research tool was recognized at .843 Cronbach Alpha through pilot testing. Descriptive statistics (Mean (X) and Standard Deviation (SD) was used to have the general look of viewpoints of respondents while inferential statistics (ANOVA) and regression was used to test the hypotheses regarding the difference in the opinion of groups. It was found the most of the head’s teachers have stress due to school administration, parents and community pressure as well as students’ low achievements.
Dr. Syeda Samina Tahira
HOD, Department of Education, GC Women University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
Dr. Muhammad Irfan Arif
Lecturer, Superior Group of Colleges Bhakkar, Punjab, Pakistan
Lecturer, Department of Education, Govt. College Women University Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
Management, Performance, School Heads, Stress Factor, Stress Level