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Civilianization of Military Rule in Pakistan: A Study of Musharraf Era (1999-2005)
This paper is an attempt to analyze the steps and reforms taken by General Pervez Musharraf towards civilianization from 1999 to 2005. The military’s involvement in political system of Pakistan began from mid 1950’s and always continued verily with respect to nature and scope at various occasions. Whenever it made direct intervention, its disengagement remained slow and gradual, adopting a power sharing model instead of transferring power to the civilian elite. This pattern of civilianization was adopted in every military regime including the period of General Pervez Musharraf, however, making minor changes, suitable to the regime. In his early days, Musharraf demonstrated intention for economic revival, accountability, devolution of power and democratic consolidation as his foremost goals by establishing new institutions and holding of free and fair elections to form apparently civilian government.
M. Phil Scholar, Department of Politics & IR, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Dr. Muhammad Nawaz Bhatti
Associate Professor, Department of Politics & IR, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Dr. Asia Saif Alvi
Assistant Professor, Department of Politics & IR, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Pakistan, Military Regime, Civilianization, Democratic Institutions, Political System