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Challenges and Opportunities of Technical and Vocational Education and Training in the Province of Sindh, Pakistan
Vocational and educational training is an integral component for efficient and smart GDP of a country. With a higher rate of professionally trained manpower, a country can increase its exports and earn direct revenue. The paper attempted to employ survey research by virtue of social science research protocol as suggested by the experts in the field. The study comprised n= 50 headmasters and n= 200 teachers of technical and vocational schools of Sindh. To conduct the study further, pre-designed closed-ended instrument with Likert scale was used for quantitatively measuring the data impact. Data was collected through self-administered strategy and mailing as well as personal visits. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Coding and communication were done adequately. Other measures of reliability and validity were also carried out accordingly. The study finds that vocational and educational training and skill-building practices must be compulsorily introduced in the schools and colleges across the province of Sindh.
Dr. Kamal Haider
Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Prof. Dr. Muhammad Yousuf Sharjeel
Professor, Department of Teacher Education, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Dr. Shahid Iqbal
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Opportunities and Challenges, Technical Education, Vocational Training and Education