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Analysis of Gap between Expected and Achieved Levels of Skills related Learning Outcomes of Graduates
Learning outcomes are the written statements that inform learners what they will expect to achieve at the completion of a programme. By following the Bologna process, Pakistan Higher Education Commission established its national qualifications framework (NQF). Theaim of this study was to assess the skills related learning outcomes of graduate programme. Current study was conducted in two phases (phase-1 quantitative, phase-2 qualitative) by using confirmatory mixed-methods research design. Plan of the study was to collect data from 720 graduates (for phase-1) and from 96 faculty members (for phase-2) selected through multistage sampling technique from four public universities. A self-developed questionnaire and semi structured interview schedule were employed to collect the data. Due to COVID-19 pandemic situation, questionnaire was converted into Google forms. Ten hundred and twenty seven (1027) filled in questionnaires were received. While, interviews were conducted physically. Results of the study showed that graduates achieved high level of skills-related learning outcomes while faculty members proclaimed that graduates level of achievement was medium level. Results of one sample t-test indicate that there was no significant relationship between the actual achievement of graduates and their expected level of skills related achieved learning outcomes.
PhD Scholar, Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Professor Ashfaque Ahmad shah
Dean Faculty of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, Chairperson Department of Educational Development University of Baltistan Skardu, Pakistan
Professor Dr. Muhammad Sarwar
Director, QEC, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan